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Quality and Types

ITALIAN REPUBLIC
Act Dec. 16, 1985, No 752
The consolidated
[Amended by Act May 17, 1991, No 162] Regulatory framework regarding the collection, cultivation and trade in fresh or preserved truffles consumption.

Article 2
A. The consumption of fresh truffles must belong to one of the following genera and species, being prohibited the marketing of any type:
1. Magnum Pico Tuber, commonly called white truffle of Alba;
2. Tuber melanosporum, vulgarly or black truffle of Norcia;
3. Tuber Mesentericum, vulgarly or ordinary black truffle of Bagnoli Irpino;
4. Tuber aestivum Vitt., Vulgarly summer truffle or scorzone;
5. Tuber uncinatum Chatin, vulgarly hooked nose;
6. Tuber brumale Vitt., Vulgarly winter black truffle or black truffle;
7. Tuber borchii Vitt. or Tuber albidum Pico, commonly called whitebait or marzuolo;
8. Tuber Macrosporum Vitt., Vulgarly smooth black truffle;
9. Tuber brumale var. moschatum De Ferry, vulgarly truffle Muscat;


B. The botanical characteristics and organoleptic characteristics of commercial species above are given in Annex 1 which is an integral part of this Act.
Of the nine types, only three have a membership area:
1. Tuber Magnum Pico or White Alba;
2. Tuber melanosporum or Nero Norcia;
3. Tuber Mesentericum or Black Bagnoli.
This does not mean that are found only in the places mentioned above, but certainly in these places is to find the primary strain for excellence, thanks to the union of essential factors such as climate, flora and a rich amount of humus in the soil.
These characteristics in turn gives the product high quality certainly not comparable to smell, taste and the same time the truffles village.



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